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If you’re an IT professional, you’re probably familiar with the term “terminal commands.”

IT professionals are often tasked with managing complex systems. In order to do this effectively, they need to be able to use a variety of tools and techniques. One of the most important tools at their disposal is the terminal command.

But what are they and why should you use them?

What are terminal commands and why you should use them

In a nutshell, terminal commands are instructions you can type into a terminal window to perform various tasks. For example, you can use a terminal command to view files in a directory or install a new piece of software. Terminal commands are usually shorter and more concise than the graphical user interface (GUI) alternatives.

There are many reasons why you might want to use terminal commands as an IT professional. First, they can save you a lot of time. For example, if you need to view a list of files in a directory, it’s faster to type in a terminal command than to navigate through the GUI. Secondly, terminal commands can be handy when troubleshooting problems.

Using the right commands, you can quickly gather information about what’s happening behind the scenes on your system. Finally, some tasks can only be performed using terminal commands. For example, if you want to change the permissions on a file, you’ll need to use a command.

How to open the terminal application on your computer

To open the Terminal application on your computer, open up the search bar. Type in “Terminal” and press Enter. The Terminal window will then appear.

You can also find the Terminal by opening the Applications folder and clicking on Utilities. Double-click on Terminal to launch the application.

The top 10 terminal commands every IT professional should know

If you’re an IT professional, there are certain terminal commands that you should know to help you manage your systems more effectively and efficiently. This post will explore the top 10 terminal commands every IT professional should know. So, without further ado, let’s get started!

1. cd

The “cd” command stands for “change directory,” allowing you to change the current working directory. This can be useful when you need to access files in different directories or when you want to change the location of your file operations.

To use the cd command, simply type “cd” followed by the name of the directory you want to change to. For example, to change to the “temp” directory, you would type “cd temp”. You can also use the cd command to change to a parent or child directory. To do this, simply type “cd ..” to change to the parent directory, or “cd .” to change to the child directory. The cd command is a versatile tool that every IT professional should use.

2. ls

The “ls” command lists the contents of a directory, allowing IT professionals to see what files are available quickly. Additionally, the ls command supports many options that enable IT professionals to customize its output. For example, the -l option displays additional information about each file, such as its size and modification date.

With a little experimentation, IT professionals can use the ls command to save time and increase productivity.

3. mkdir

The “mkdir” command can be used to create a new directory. To use this command, type “mkdir” followed by the name of the directory you wish to create. For example, to create a directory called “test,” type “mkdir practice” into the terminal.

IT professionals can also use the “mkdir” command to create multiple directories at once. To do this, type “mkdir” followed by the names of the directories they wish to create, separated by a space. For example, to create directories called “practice1” and “practice2,” type “mkdir practice1 practice2” into the terminal.

With the “mkdir” command, IT professionals can quickly and easily create new directories on a computer.


The “chmod” command stands for “change mode.” When you use this command, you’re changing the permissions that govern who can access a file or directory. There are three types of permissions: read, write, and execute.

Read permission allows users to view the contents of a file; write permission allows users to edit or delete the file; execute permission allows users to run the file as a program.

You can use the “chmod” command to set these permissions for any user or group of users.

You could use the following command to set read permission for just those users:

“chmod u+r /path/to/file”

This would give read permission to the owner (u) of the file and no other users.

5. pwd

For anyone in the IT field, the “pwd” command is an essential tool. This command allows you to quickly determine the current working directory, which can be especially useful when you’re working with multiple files and need to know where you are in the file structure.

6. mv

This simple but powerful command can move files from one location to another, making it a handy tool for organizing folders and keeping track of important information.

IT professionals can use this command to move files between directories, move entire directory trees and even rename files. With the “mv” command, IT professionals can easily manage and keep track of their files. This makes life much easier for IT professionals who have to juggle multiple tasks at once.

7. rm

This powerful command lets you delete files and directories without going through the process of emptying your trash can or recycling bin. In addition, the “rm” command can also be used to delete entire directories, making it a valuable tool for IT professionals who need to clean up their hard drives on a regular basis. Without the “rm” command, IT professionals would have a much more difficult time keeping their hard drives clean and organized.

But be careful with this command; if used incorrectly, it can delete important files and cause serious problems. It is a good idea to double-check before using rm. Make sure you’re deleting the right files and that you have backups of any important data.

8. man

The “man” command is a helpful tool for IT professionals that provides access to detailed documentation for almost every command in Linux.

To use the “man” command, simply type “man” followed by the name of the command you want more information about. For example, typing “man ls” would bring up the documentation for the “ls” command, which lists the contents of a directory.

The “man” command can be a helpful resource for anyone who wants to learn more about their commands.

9. grep

This powerful command allows users to search for specific text patterns within a file or group of files. It can find configuration errors, code snippets, and even small pieces of text within a larger document.

Best of all, it can be customized to match the user’s needs, making it an incredibly versatile tool. While it may seem daunting at first, learning to use grep is well worth the effort for any IT professional.

10. echo

The “echo” command is a handy tool for IT professionals. An echo is a command that simply repeats the input back to the output. However, echo can be used in several ways to save time and effort. You can use it to create empty files, set environmental variables, and much more.

For example, it can create blank lines in a text file or repeat a series of characters multiple times. The echo can also be combined with other commands to create more complex functions.

Useful tips and tricks for working with the terminal emulator

IT professionals often need to work with the terminal emulator, and a few tips and tricks can make working with this tool more efficient.

One tip is to use the tab key to auto-complete commands. For example, if you type “cd /u” and then press the tab key, the terminal will automatically complete the command as “cd /usr.”

Another useful trick is using up and down arrow keys to scroll through previous commands. This can be helpful when you need to repeat a previous action or track your steps.

Finally, it’s important to know that the terminal emulator is case-sensitive. This means that commands such as “cd,” “CD,” and “cD” are all treated as separate commands.

Keeping these tips in mind, IT professionals can save time and frustration when working with the terminal emulator.

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